The spine is a truly amazing part of the human body. It is one of the differentiating factors that define humans. The spine has three important functions:
- To support the weight of the body
- To provide flexibility for movement,
- And to protect nerve roots and fibres and form a protective surrounding for the spinal cord.
We’ve gathered together the following fascinating facts about our brilliant backbones:
- When we’re born, our spines consist of 33 individual vertebrae. In a newborn baby, the vertebrae begin as cartilage. It usually only become fully made up of bone (a process called “ossification”) by...
The knee is one of the most complex joints in the human body. As many sports place extreme stress on the knee, it is also one of the most common sites for sports injury, meniscus being one of them.
The knee is a hinge joint, structured to perform two principal actions, flexion (bending) and extension (straightening). The muscles which act at the knee are predominantly the quadriceps (extension) and the hamstrings (flexion).
Meniscus tear is a common injury that affects the knee joint. The meniscus...
The differences between Rheumatoid Arthritis and Osteoarthritis
Arthritis is an umbrella term used to describe inflammation of the joints. However, there are different kinds of arthritis, including rheumatoid arthritis (RA) and osteoarthritis (OA).
Although RA and OA both affect your joints, they’re very different forms of the same broader condition. RA is an autoimmune condition, where OA is primarily a degenerative joint condition.
RA is an autoimmune disorder, which means your body attacks itself. If you have RA, your body interprets the soft lining...
With a new school year commencing take a moment to check your daughters using the National Self-detection for Scoliosis method. The best time for detecting scoliosis is just after the onset of the adolescent growth spurt. This corresponds to Years 5-7 for the majority of girls. There’s never been a case made for scoliosis screening of boys or for that matter any other forms of spinal deformity in both sexes.
In the 70s, screening of schoolgirls commenced in many countries worldwide, but there was considerable debate about the cost-effectiveness of the programs. Apart from the cost...
More than half of all Australian adults are not active enough and need to move more.
Physical inactivity is the second greatest contributor, behind tobacco smoking, to the cancer burden in Australia. To move more and be physically active, therefore limiting your sedentary behaviour every day, is essential for your health and well-being.
Physical activity – any activity that gets your body moving, makes your breathing become quicker and your heart beat faster. You can be physically active in many different ways, at any time of day.
Two out of three Australians will be diagnosed with skin cancer by the age of 70 so this week is an important reminder to use sun protection and to know the importance of early detection for all Australians.
Each year more than 2000 people in Australia die from skin cancer and the Cancer Council estimates that Australia spends more than $1 billion per year treating skin cancer.
Most skin cancers can be prevented by the use of good sun protection. During National Skin Cancer Action Week, all Australians are urged to...
So, you want to take up cycling. That’s great. Now you’ll need some cycling tips. Cycling has so many health benefits like improving mental health, it builds muscle, boosts brainpower and promotes better sleep. Cycling should also be fun. We’ve compiled some useful cycling tips for beginners to make cycling safer and more enjoyable.
Set your seat height right
Of all the cycling tips out there, this one is pretty important. Experiencing pain in the front of your knee? Your seat might be too low, causing you to under-extend during your...
During Breast Cancer Awareness Month, take the time to get to know your breasts. The best chance of surviving breast cancer is finding it early. Finding breast cancer early means there are more treatment options and the chances of survival are greatest. It’s important for women of all ages to know what they can do to help find breast cancer early.
Breast awareness is important for women of all ages, even if you’re having regular mammograms.
Take the time to get to know your breasts as part of...
A proven way to reduce stress, anxiety, and panic is to learn how to relax your muscles. It can also improve most stress-based conditions. When you’re under stress, your muscles tend to tense up. This is a natural mechanism in order to protect you from pain and injury when you’re in danger. Tension headaches, back, shoulder, and neck pain are so common. It becomes normal to have that pain, but it’s not. We have become...
The anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) is one of the main stabilising ligaments of the knee. When the ACL is injured the knee may feel as if it will buckle and give out. Tears or ruptures of the ACL occur frequently in sports:
- As a result of cutting, pivoting, or single-leg landing.
- Through a twisting force applied to the knee when the foot is planted on the ground or when landing on one foot.
- From a direct trauma to the knee, usually, the outside of the knee, as may occur in many contact sports, such...
Do you find yourself feeling like you’re all knotted up? Feel like you have a huge knot in your back? Muscle knots are incredibly common but common doesn’t mean they are normal or harmless. Found in your back, shoulders, and neck, they are a stiff band of muscle that has a hard knob in the center, known as the trigger point. The pain can pop up spontaneously or when the trigger point is pressed. But in all cases, muscle knots cause pain to radiate beyond the trigger point into the surrounding muscles.
National Pain Week 2019
National Pain Week runs from 22-28 July. It’s organised each year by Chronic Pain Australia to support the needs of the many Australian’s living with some form of chronic pain.
Living with chronic pain can be a very lonely experience. Many people feel isolated and think that no one really understands. Carers looking after a family member or friend who lives with chronic pain play an important role in making sure that a person’s chronic pain is managed correctly.
What is pain?
Pain is an...