KISS syndrome is not a disease but a malfunction and blockage in the upper cervical in children. KISS means in English ‘Kinematic Imbalances due two Suboccipital Stress’. This means imbalance in motion due to stresses in the upper neck region. This can result in an asymmetric development in children that involves a disruption in the normal movement development or disturbances in the control as the child’s ability thrives.
A chiropractor looks for symptoms, for example by muscular torticollis, scoliosis infants and atlas blockage. The syndrome affects twice as many boys as girls. Many still choose not to use the KISS concept because it is not documented and recognised in medical environments. This means that there is too little research that supports the diagnosis. The doctor and manual coroner, Heiner Biedermann began using the term KISS syndrome in the early 90th century. He has over the years treated thousands of children with KISS issues.
KISS I and KISS II syndrome
KISS I is a bias in the neck that child can not get out of yourself. They often have a favourite side. They keep their head turned to one side, and would prefer just one way. The child sees such right and tilts his head to the left. When the head is mostly turned to one side, the skull alters to this position. Beyond this, one can also see the asymmetry of the face where one face piece may seem less than the other. Another characteristic of this type is that the child is like a C. This can happen in your bed, on your lap or in the car seat. The arm and leg on the ‘inside’ of the ‘C’ is less used and it can lead to a delayed motor development.
KISS II children are often hypermobile regardless of position (dorsal, lateral or upper arm). These children can usually rotate the head freely to both sides. However in this occasion with the extreme overstretch of the neck, the child may have difficulty bending the head forward and laying down on their head. They also have a pronounced intolerance to lying on their stomach. The skull can be flat behind and the child may lose hair. There is also an increased tendency for a so-called 3-month child with infantile colic, increased gulping and drooling, and delays in language development.
By getting tested and treated your child early, dysfunctions and pain in the neck will rapidly improve and your child will often resume normal movement. Our chiropractors have extensive experience treating children with these conditions.
Common symptoms in a child with KISS syndrome
- Misalignment of the head (favourite side)
- Difficulty keeping their head in the middle (after 3 months)
- Lying with their head in an extreme flexed position
- Unilateral sleeping position
- Moving arm and leg less on a page
- Unilateral facial features is like a C banana’
- Unilateral underdeveloped hip
- Faulty position in foot
- Sleep disorders, child screams in their sleep
- The child has a tenderness in the neck to react negatively when one contacts the neck
- Asymmetrical head shape, facial
Who is at risk of getting KISS syndrome?
There are many known factors associated with KISS syndrome, which we chiropractors often denotes neck dysfunction. Parents should be aware of these factors and the fastest possible contact chiropractor for a thorough assessment and examination of the child. Below are the most common contributing factors.
- Redeemed with suction cups
- Delivered by forceps
- Head ‘squeezed out’ by external pressure on the stomach
- Deferred for manual drag (shoulder dystocia)
- Delivered by cesarean
- Born with face first
- More than 4,000 grams at birth
- Has been in a transverse lie, breech during pregnancy
- Twin, triplet
- Born prematurely
- Unusually long birth
If a dysfunction in the upper cervical joints (KISS) is not treated and it consequently leads to disrupted or delayed psychomotor development, the phenomena is described as KIDD syndrome. Below there are the most common signs of possible KIDD syndrome.
- Concentration and learning difficulties
- Writing / reading difficulties
- Diffuse headache, heavy head
- Delayed motor development
- Difficult to ride and / or balance
- Phobia of heights
- Poor balance, coordination
- Unstable mood (frustration, anger, impatience or aggressiveness)
- ADHD like problems
- Maverick / intestinal disorders (constipation)
Chiropractic treatment for children with KISS and KIDD syndrome
Chiropractors at Chiro & Sports Med will conduct a thorough examination of the child’s musculoskeletal system and initiate any treatment early. Children who have a developmental disorder should be examined in relation to the function of the vertebral column to rule that there is a dysfunction in the neck in relation to possible KISS or KIDD syndrome. If you find a dysfunction, treatment should be performed by an experienced chiropractor. The treatment of neck dysfunctions are painless and have a fairly high success rate.
Even with asymmetrical head shape, head shape improves way up until the child is 5 years. If one of our chiropractors find no reason to treat, he will refer the child for further follow-up to children physiotherapists or other therapies if needed. And remember that children respond much faster in most treatments than adults. Early initiation will result in quick results.