Runners, jumpers, along with other athletes including skiers, cyclists, and soccer players put heavy force on their knees. Runner’s knee is an expression used referring to several health conditions that creates pain across the front of the knee (patellofemoral pain). These conditions include anterior knee pain syndrome, patellofemoral malalignment, and chondromalacia patella.
Cause of runners knee
The knee is a complex structure, which is very sensitive. Numerous factors can play a role in runner’s knee, including:
• Knee cap misalignment
• Complete or partial dislocation
• Tightness, imbalance, or weakness of thigh muscles
• Flat feet
Patellofemoral pain could possibly be the consequence of irritation with the soft tissues about the knee. Strained tendons are quite common in athletes. Other predisposing factors to patellofemoral pain include overuse, muscle imbalance and inadequate stretching. Pain that begins in another area of the body, including the back or hip, might result in knee pain (referred pain). In many individuals with runner’s knee, the kneecap may be out of alignment. In that case, vigorous activities could potentially cause excessive stress and wear around the cartilage under the kneecap. This will lead to softening and breakdown of the cartilage behind the patella (chondromalacia patella) and cause damage to the underlying bone and irritate the joint lining.
Symptoms of runners knee
A dull, aching pain under or round the front of the kneecap (patella) where it connects together with the distal end of the thighbone (femur). Pain develops when walking down or up stairs, kneeling, squatting, and sitting having a bent knee for an extended time.
Prevention for runners knee
• Stay fit
• Increase training gradually
• Use proper running gear
• Use proper running form
Treatment for runners knee
Treatment is determined by the exact problem triggering the knee pain, which is usually nonsurgical.
• First-aid: Stop doing any action that triggers knee pain. This probably means stopping any running or jumping. Make use of the RICE formula: Rest, Ice, Compression and Elevation.
• Reconditioning: After resting the knee up until the pain and swelling decrease, you may require reconditioning to regain full range of movement, strength, power, endurance, speed, agility, and coordination. Your chiropractor may prescribe a physical exercise program to normalise the freedom and strength of thigh muscles, or recommend cross-training exercises that emphasise stretching the lower extremities. Your chiropractor will also advise you on resuming running along with other athletic activities.
• Taping: Other nonsurgical treatments involve taping the kneecap or utilising a special brace for knee support during sports participation. Special shoe inserts (orthotics) may often be prescribed to help relieve the discomfort.