Essentially the most common knee injuries is an anterior cruciate ligament (ACL) sprain or tear. Athletes who engage in high intense sports like soccer, football, and basketball are more inclined to injure their anterior cruciate ligaments. It is highly likely that a surgery is required to regain full use of your knee for those who have injured their anterior cruciate ligaments. It all depends on several factors, including the seriousness of your injury along with your level of activity.
Anatomy of the knee
Cruciate ligaments are found within your knee joint. They cross one another to make an “X” where the anterior cruciate ligament lies in front and the posterior cruciate ligament in back. The cruciate ligaments control the back and forth motion of one’s knee. The anterior cruciate ligament runs diagonally in the centre of the knee. It prevents the shinbone (tibia) from sliding out in front of the thighbone (femur). Both together provide rotational stability for the knee.
Grades of Anterior Cruciate Ligament sprains
About 50 % of injuries to the anterior cruciate ligament occur together with injury to other structures inside the knee, which include articular cartilage, meniscus, and other ligaments. Injured ligaments are viewed as “sprains” and therefore are graded on the basis severity.
• Grade 1 Sprains. The ligament is mildly damaged in a Grade 1 Sprain. It is often slightly stretched, but remains capable to ensure the knee joint is stable.
• Grade 2 Sprains. A Grade 2 Sprain stretches the ligament enough where it becomes loose. Often this is known as partial tear of the ligament.
• Grade 3 Sprains. This kind of sprain is most frequently known as complete tear of the ligament. The ligament has become separated into two pieces, resulting in the knee joint being unstable.
Cause of Anterior Cruciate Ligament sprains
The anterior cruciate ligament is often injured in the following ways:
• Changing direction rapidly
• Stopping suddenly
• Slowing down while running
• Landing from a jump incorrectly
• Direct contact or collision, for example a football tackle
Symptoms of Anterior Cruciate Ligament sprains
After you injure your anterior cruciate ligament, you would possibly hear a “popping” noise and you’ll feel your knee give out from under you. Other typical symptoms include:
• Pain with swelling
• Decrease in full range of movement
• Tenderness over the joint line discomfort while walking
Treatment for Anterior Cruciate Ligament sprains
Treatment for an ACL tear can vary based on a person’s individual needs. For instance, the young athlete associated with agility sports will probably require surgery to soundly resume sports. The less active, usually older, individual might possibly get back to a quieter lifestyle without surgery.
• Bracing. Your chiropractor may recommend a brace to guard your knee from instability. To help protect your knee, you could be given crutches to help keep you against putting weight on your leg.
• Physical rehabilitation. As the swelling decreases, a careful rehabilitation program commences. Specific exercises will restore function to your knee and strengthen the lower limb muscles that support it.