Muscle stretches

Stretching to enhance active and

passive range of motion

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Proprioceptive neuromuscular facilitation (PNF) stretching is the most common muscle stretching technique used at Chiro & Sports Med. PNF is used to enhance both active and passive range of motion. Hence, the ultimate goal is being to optimise motor performance and rehabilitation. The literature regarding PNF has made the technique the optimal stretching method when the aim is to increase range of motion, especially in short-term changes. It was originally developed as a form of rehabilitation, and to that effect it is very effective.

Generally an active PNF stretch involves a shortening contraction of the opposing muscle to place the target muscle on stretch. This is followed by an isometric contraction of the target muscle. PNF can be used to supplement daily stretching and is employed to make quick gains in range of motion to help athletes improve performance. Aside from being safe and time efficient, the dramatic gains in range of motion seen in a short period of time may also promote compliance with the exercise and rehabilitation program.

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